Mesothelioma is a rare and aggressive cancer. It is caused by asbestos and forms on the protective tissues covering the lungs, abdomen and heart. Finding cancer at initial stage, when it’s small and before it has spread, often allows for more treatment ways. Some of the early cancers may have signs and symptoms that can be noticed, but that’s not always the case. Today we are going to share with you some of the Major Mesothelioma Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment.
Mesothelioma (پھیپھڑوں کی بیماری)
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Signs and Symptoms of Mesothelioma
- Dry cough or wheezing.
- Shortness of breath (dyspnea)
- Respiratory complications.
- Pain in the chest or abdomen.
- Fever or night sweats.
- Pleural effusion (fluid around the lungs)
- Muscle weakness.
Many of the early symptoms of mesothelioma are the same as those likely to be caused by other problems, so at first people may ignore them or mistake them for common, minor ailments. Most people with mesothelioma have symptoms for at least a few months before they are diagnosed.
Pleural mesothelioma (mesothelioma of the chest) symptoms
Pain in the side of the chest or lower back
Shortness of breath
Trouble swallowing (feeling like food gets stuck)
Swelling of the face and arms
Peritoneal mesothelioma symptoms
Abdominal (belly) pain
Swelling or fluid in the abdomen
Nausea and vomiting
Pericardial mesothelioma symptoms
Irregular heart rhythm
Shortness of breath
General mesothelioma symptoms
Weight loss (without trying)
Loss of appetite
These symptoms can be caused by mesothelioma, but more often they are caused by other conditions. Still, if you have any of these problems (especially if you have been exposed to asbestos ), it’s important to see a health care provider right away so the cause can be found and treated, if needed.
CAUSES OF MESOTHELIOMA
Exposure to asbestos is the main cause of mesothelioma. Very rarely, mesothelioma has been linked with previous radiotherapy to the chest.
Asbestos is the name of a group of naturally occurring minerals that are resistant to high temperatures and humidity. It was used in many building products in Australia from the 1940s until 1987. Since 2004, Australia has had a ban on asbestos being sold, reused and/or imported. It is still present in many older buildings, so special precautions must be taken when renovating or demolishing. It has also been found in some recently imported products despite the ban.
People most likely to have been exposed to asbestos at work include asbestos miners and millers, asbestos cement manufacturing workers, laggers and insulators, builders, plumbers and electricians, automotive industry workers, mechanics, transport workers (especially waterside workers), and textile workers. People who haven’t worked directly with asbestos but have been exposed to it can also develop mesothelioma. These can include people cleaning work clothes with asbestos fibres on them or people disturbing asbestos during home renovations or maintenance.
It can take many years for mesothelioma to develop after a person is exposed to asbestos. This is called the latency period or interval – it is usually between 20 and 60 years (most commonly around 40 years) after exposure.
Defining here the general treatment for mesothelioma involves a combination of surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Supportive treatments can help relieve symptoms and improve quality of life for many mesothelioma patients.
A mesothelioma diagnosis will cause physical and emotional strain. It’s important to try to look after your wellbeing as much as possible.
Nutrition – Healthy food can help you cope with treatment and side effects. A dietitian can help you manage special dietary needs or eating problems, and choose the best foods for your situation.
Staying active – Physical activity often helps to reduce tiredness, improve circulation and elevate mood. The amount and type of exercise you do depends on what you are used to, how you feel, and your doctor’s advice.
Complementary therapies – These therapies are used with conventional medical treatments. You may have therapies such as massage, relaxation and acupuncture to increase your sense of control, decrease stress and anxiety, and improve your mood. Alternative therapies are used instead of conventional medical treatments. These therapies, such as coffee enemas and magnet therapy, can be harmful.
Relationships with others Having cancer can affect your relationships with family and friends. This may be because cancer is stressful and tiring, or as a result of changes to your values, priorities or outlook on life.
Give yourself time to adjust to what’s happening, and do the same for others. People may deal with the cancer in different ways – for example, they may be overly positive, play down fears, or keep their distance. It may be helpful to discuss your feelings with each other.
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